Concerning the university curricula, even though general agriculture course had been offered for many years before, the new curricula of Elective Stream System were developed in 1994. First and Second year students were designed to be provided with a good foundation in basic sciences and fundamental training in various aspects of agriculture while study of broad general agriculture with a good balance between the physical, chemical, biological, social sciences and applied agricultural courses were offered for the remaining school years. In both four and five year programs, the final year students are required to select their field of interest for graduation study. They are required to do Special Research Project (SRP) as the partial fulfillment of the requirements for the B.Agr.Sc degree.
From 1964 to 1999, the required period for graduation was five years but reduced to four years later on. From 1994 till 2005, seven elective streams were provided for final year, bachelor degree students, and they were:
- Field Crop Production
- Crop Science
- Horticultural Crop Production
- Soil and water Management
- Plant Protection I (Entomology)
- Plant Protection II (Plant Pathology)
- Agricultural Business Management
Students who have fulfilled their graduation requirements are awarded B.Agr.Sc. degree.
(a) Crop Specialization Program
The Elective Stream System of four years curriculum course was practiced until 2005-2006, but with the introduction of entrance exam system for students’ admission in 2006-2007, the Elective System was abolished and a new system of crop and system oriented specialization, developed.
The objectives are to make the students put more emphasis on their specialization and to get real field experiences and personal in touch with region-specific crop management practices of particular region of different YAU campuses.
(b) Major and Specialization
Starting from 2014-2015 academic year, 7 major subject specialization were developed for fourth year students. Specializations are
- Plant Breeding Physiology and Ecology
- Soil and Water Science
- Plant Pathology
- Agricultural Entomology
- Horticulture and Agricultural Biotechnology
- Agricultural Business Management
Students can select the major subject base on their interest and also their third year examination marks.
(c) Entrance Examination System
Before 2006-2007 academic year, student intakes for YAU were selected by the Selection Board organized by the Ministry of Education as for the other professional universities related to different Ministries. The selection was done on the basis of the candidates’ matriculation scores and their priority in internet of learning. However, entrance examination system for the annual intake of 400 was commenced in 2006-2007 academic year in the university with the determination based on Biology subject (2 hr-paper) and English subject (2 hr-paper). Short-listed candidates have to sit personnel interviews for final selection.
(d) Bridge Education System
In the old days, there had been ten Agriculture High School (AHS) across the country. The students who had completed the middle school education could join these high schools for 2 years as vocational. Among them, the outstanding students continued their study at the State Agricultural Institute (SAI) for 3 years to obtain Diploma in Agriculture (Dip.Ag.). Accordingly, the outstanding students of SAI can directly join YAU and pursue their bachelor degree (B.Agr.Sc). The Dip.Ag. holders, as well, after serving as government service personnel for 3 years under the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, can join YAU through entrance examination for the same degree in on-deputation type. Annually, thirty seats are reserved for the outstanding students of Dip.Ag. certificate holders and 20 seats for the outstanding service personnel in YAU. Both types are required to sit 3 papers in the entrance examination. At present, there are 10 SAIs in Myanmar while the system of AHS was abolished in 1999.